Opportunities for foreign direct investment (FDI) in the GCC, driven by economic diversification across the region, were highlighted at the final day of the investment forum – Gateway Gulf, which was held in Manama, Bahrain.
The event which kicked off on May 8 concluded May 10 at the Four Seasons Hotel.
“When it comes to FDI, we have seen a growth in foreign direct investment in Saudi Arabia of about 50 per cent in Q1 this year compared to Q1 last year,” he added.
From attracting FDI to empowering local businesses, the forum explored key opportunities and challenges facing businesses and governments across the GCC as the region undergoes an unprecedented paradigm shift from public to private sector-led growth, said a statement.
Technology-led innovation emerged as a key driver of growth across sectors, with speakers including Dr Klaus Kleinfield, chief executive officer, Neom, conceived as a new hub for innovation, knowledge, and trade located on the Red Sea.
A series of announcements highlighted the progress being made across the GCC in fostering supportive ecosystems for start-ups to drive innovation. These included the announcement of Bahrain’s plans to establish a $100 million Fund of Funds to open up new funding avenues for innovative young businesses.
Speaking on a panel about how governments can embrace innovation to support growth, Rasheed Al Maraj, Governor, Central Bank of Bahrain (CBB), said: “When we first started looking at fintech, the biggest hurdle was the fear factor. For any regulator to think about change in the landscape can bring anxiety because naturally we target certainty, so we avoid risk that can prevent financial instability.”
“But what we decided at the CBB is that this coming technology is of immense benefits to the economy of Bahrain, that’s why we took the dive and made the necessary regulations and pushed industry to start looking at this and introduce changes we think will help the economy at large,” he said.
The importance of putting social impact at the heart of innovation and investment strategies was emphasised throughout the day’s conversations.
Dilip Rao, CEO, Ripple, said: “It’s not so much about technology, it’s about what we do with that technology. What is the problem we’re trying to solve? When blockchain first emerged, it was overhyped. What is happening now is people are knuckling down to specific use cases.”
On a separate panel about investing in a challenging world, Mahmood Alkooheji, chief executive officer, Mumtalakat, Bahrain’s sovereign wealth fund, said: “We do projects that are commercially viable. But before we invest we ask ourselves two fundamental questions. Is this a growth area and will it affect people’s lives positively?”
Investments in Bahrain’s thriving industrial sectors were also front and centre of the forum, with the announcement by the Bahrain National Oil and Gas Authority (Noga) of a $1 billion Energy Fund, the first such fund in the GCC, which will provide institutional investors with access to local energy assets. The fund is a strong example of a broader trend in which economic reform is opening up opportunities in the region which have previously been unavailable to private sector investors.
The forum also saw the inauguration of Italian water heat maker Ariston Thermo’s first manufacturing plant in the Middle East and North Africa region. The 7,000-sq-m plant, based in Bahrain International Investment Park (BIIP), will produce up to 250,000 electric water heaters for export each year.
Food manufacturers are also increasingly turning to Bahrain to supply the Gulf and wider Middle East and North Africa (Mena) market, where growing populations are driving increased demand in a market worth $125 billion.
The expansion of Malaysia’s Power Root, the manufacturer of Alicafe coffee mix and other instant hot beverages, into the Mena region was also announced at the forum.
Power Root will be investing over $14 million in a large production facility located in BIIP. This investment is expected to generate over 160 new jobs for the local workforce. The decision to locate in Bahrain rests on the strong logistics links offered by the kingdom, as well as the uniquely open, supportive business environment.
These major manufacturers join a strong pipeline of foreign direct investment secured thanks to Bahrain’s pro-business regulatory environment, low operating costs, fast access to regional markets and strong human capital.
In 2017 the Bahrain EDB achieved a record level of international investment, attracting $733 million across 71 companies, which will create around 2,800 high-value jobs over three years and drive new opportunities for Bahrain’s talented youth, who were the focus of the final session of the conference.
The inaugural forum which was hosted under the patronage of HRH Prince Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa, the Crown Prince, Deputy Supreme Commander and Chairman of the Bahrain Economic Development Board, facilitated open dialogue and showcased projects worth $26 billion across multiple sectors to government and business leaders and investors from the GCC and around the world.
The event featured over 90 speakers, and 850 registered participants from more than 40 countries, it stated.